“My fashion philosophy is, if you’re not covered in dog hair, your life is empty,” said Elayne Boosler and we can’t agree more. A pet dog enters your house but soon finds its way into your heart and for this precise reason, whenever your furry friend falls ill, it makes you as worried as you would be for a family member.
Far too often, we find ourselves wishing that we could understand what our little canine companions are going through health wise. Is it the joint pain that’s troubling my pet? Why is my dog refusing to eat? Why is the poor thing on edge most of the time?
Taking your pet to the vet seems to be the logical solution to dig out the answers but even after conventional medications, some of you are still stuck in the same predicament with failure to notice any improvement in your dog’s health.
What you probably don’t know (or know already but are reluctant to tread into the untested waters) is that cannabidiol (CBD) is an all-in-one natural solution to overcome the majority of the health problems your furry friend might be suffering from.
Table of Contents
- Introduction to CBD for Dogs
- Benefits of CBD for dogs
- Calculating the Dose of CBD for Dogs: Let’s Do the Math
- CBD for Dog Anxiety
- CBD for Abnormal Brain Activity
- CBD for Dogs for Joint Pain
- CBD for Dogs: Frequently Asked Questions
Introduction to CBD for Dogs
Without further ado, let’s explore the world of Nature’s most coveted secret named cannabidiol and learn what it is, how it works and how it can make your pet’s life infinitely better than before.
What Exactly Is CBD For Dogs?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a natural phytocannabinoid (cannabinoids of plant origin) obtained from the cannabis plant. Another quite popular cannabinoid obtained from the cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Although THC and CBD are extracted from the same hemp plant and are closely related structurally, there is one stark difference between the two. THC is a psychostimulant whereas CBD is not. In other words, THC affects the nervous system and induces an intoxicated or high state in users whereas CBD does not.
There are various species of the cannabis plant. One notable variety contains more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. Another important strain, known as hemp, contains less than 0.3% THC. Commercially available CBD is primarily obtained from the hemp variety to keep the psychostimulant effects at bay. The CBD thus obtained is free of all such effects and does not make your pet high.
How Does CBD Work for Dogs?
Cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid and it works on the body by interacting with the intricate endocannabinoid system innately present in all mammals, including dogs. The body contains two types of cannabinoid receptors in various locations dubbed CB1 and CB2 receptors.
By acting on these CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBD influences a variety of physiological functions of the body like pain, sleep, appetite, brain activity, digestion, nervous functions, immunity etc. These multifaceted effects of CBD have peaked the interest of veterinarians all around the globe and research is now backing up the health effects of CBD for dogs.
The Legal Status of CBD for Dogs
CBD dog products containing CBD derived from hemp is legal in all 50 US states as it contains less than 0.3% THC. However, the laws regarding CBD derived from the variety of cannabis plant containing more than 0.3% THC, vary from state to state since it is commonly used for recreational purposes by humans. You should always do your homework to look up the legal status and local laws regarding the CBD product you’re about to purchase for your pup, to avoid trouble with the authorities.
Benefits of CBD for dogs
CBD can work wonders for your dog in more ways than you can imagine. Substantial amount of scientific and anecdotal data exists to back up the health benefits of CBD for dogs which are discussed below.
CBD has amazing analgesic (pain-relieving) properties. It is particularly beneficial for chronic pain relief. In dogs, conditions like gut and joint inflammation and malignancies can result in chronic pain. CBD mediates its effects on pain pathways and neurotransmitters like substance P and in doing so, eases the pain. It is also beneficial in controlling acute pain such as that caused by trauma.
Alleviates Anxiety and Phobias
One of the most popular effects of CBD which threw it into the limelight is anxiety reduction. CBD is known to having extraordinary anxiolytic potential. In dogs, anxiety can take the form of irritation, aggression, cowering, and excessive barking in response to stressful stimuli.
These stimuli can range from loud noises (fireworks display on the 4th of July) to water anxiety (bath times) and motion sickness (car rides) to an acute fear of strangers. The anxiety can be so severe that it can take the form of a phobia.
CBD works wonders to alleviate anxiety and phobias in dogs by interacting via cannabinoid receptors with the brain pathways, the mood control areas and certain neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin. A dose of CBD dog treats before any stressful situation can help immensely to calm your pup down.
CB2 receptors are intricately linked with the body’s immune system and inflammatory pathways. CBD interferes with the release of mediators of inflammation such as chemokines and helps keep signs and symptoms of inflammation at bay including pain, redness, swelling etc.
CBD also plays a pivotal role in preventing the formation of toxic free radicals which cause inflammation. It has been found to be exceptionally beneficial in chronic inflammatory disorders like joint inflammation and gut inflammation which are two common condition in dogs that can lead to debilitation.
CB2 receptors located in the mammalian bodies are closely linked with the body’s immune system. It is via the CB2 receptors that CBD exerts its effects on the body’s immune system such as antibody activation and recruitment of immune cells etc.
CBD, thus, helps strengthen immunity and keeps all kinds of bacterial, viral and other infections at bay. Better immunity also helps maintain a homeostatic body environment for dogs which improves the quality of their lives.
Improves appetite and gut health
Is your dog afflicted with low appetite? CBD is the solution. By acting on the hunger and satiety centers located in the brain, CBD helps boost appetite in dogs. This appetite increase also results from the effects of CBD on the digestive system, for example enhanced flow of gastric juices and increased gut motility. CBD also exerts a positive effect on the metabolic functions. The net effect is better digestion in dogs.
Age related wear and tear phenomenon in joints is quite common in dogs. As a result, dogs frequently suffer from joint ailments and reduced mobility. It quite heart wrenching to see your pet curled up in a corner, unable to move due to painful and inflamed joints.
By inhibiting the synthesis of mediators of inflammation and modulating the pain, CBD can help your dog regain its agility. CBD reduces the pain, redness and swelling associated with inflamed joints. It also lends strength to the joints and associated structures. Within no time, you can see your dog back on its feet, happily bouncing away.
Controls abnormal brain activity
Probably the most astounding of CBD’s effects is its ability to bring ‘order from chaos’. We are not talking about Freemasonry here, rather the astonishing property of CBD to control unregulated brain activity with associated uncontrolled neuromuscular movements. Uncoordinated muscle jerking due to aberrant brain activity is quite common in dogs and most of the available medications provide only symptomatic relief with quite short-lived effects.
CBD, on the other hand, has the ability to control the brain circuits that go haywire during such episodes of uncontrolled neuromuscular activity. The pet owners report substantial decrease in the frequency and duration of the episodes of uncontrolled brain neuronal activity and absence of the typical side effects associated with conventional medicines used for such conditions.
Alleviates allergy and itching
Allergies from allergenic plants, chemicals and other toxic substances are quite common in dogs and can manifest as severe itching, swelling, skin eruptions and redness. CBD can help control all such symptoms through its strong anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting potential, making your pet’s life easier.
Research shows CBD to have enormous potential to keep uncontrolled cellular growth in check. It has the ability to recruit body’s Natural Killer cells which engulf and kill any potentially malignant cell. CBD has thus shown promise to combat malignant conditions.
By keeping a tight lid on almost all the physiological processes, CBD helps keep the body's internal environment on optimum conditions. The net result is better health and a disease-free lifestyle which significantly improves the quality of life for your furry friend.
Calculating the Dose of CBD for Dogs: Let’s Do the Math
We are now going to walk you through the process of determining the right dose of CBD that your little fella needs. “Go low and slow” should be your mantra while embarking on CBD journey with your furry friend.
What You Need To Know Beforehand
There are 2 things you need to know when trying to determine the correct CBD dose for your friend.
- Amount of CBD in mg per serving of the CBD dog product (mg of CBD per drop if you’re using CBD oil or per single dog treat if you opt for CBD dog treats)
- Your pet’s weight in pounds
Recommended Dose of CBD
In general, the recommended dose of CBD is 0.5 – 5 mg CBD per 10 pounds of body weight twice daily. Here are simple formulas to make the entire business easier.
Low dose: for mild symptoms
0.05mg X weight in lbs. given twice daily
Medium dose: for moderate symptoms
0.125 mg X weight in lbs. given twice daily
High dose: for severe symptoms
0.25 mg X weight in lbs. given twice daily
If your pet weighs 40 pounds and is suffering from mild pain, the dose you are looking for is 0.05mg per kg which amounts to 2mg (40 x 0.05) twice daily. Now if a single dog treat contains 1mg per treat, you need to give your dog two treats twice daily.
- Always consult the vet before starting your dog on CBD.
- Start low key. Always start with a low dose of CBD when giving CBD to your dog for the first time.
- Wait for a reasonable amount of time (4-7 days) after giving CBD to your dog. If you don’t notice any change in symptoms even after a considerable amount of time, only then increase the dose step wise.
- Be careful not to exceed the recommended maximum dose of CBD when giving it to your pet.
- If your dog’s symptoms fail to improve even after optimal dosage, consult a vet.
CBD for Dog Anxiety
Is anxiety for dogs even real? Really, how can a dog get anxious at all? Yes, anxiety is very much real in dogs and can prove to be as debilitating for our faithful friends as for humans. The trick, however, is to identify anxiety, the causative factors and effectively control it.
What Is Anxiety In Dogs?
Anticipation of danger or potentially threatening situations can put your dog ill at ease and can lead to various sorts of bodily responses which are labelled as “anxiety” in dogs. Anxiety can be of any type and severity, and sometimes can be so acute that it amounts to ‘fear’ and even ‘phobia’.
Anxiety can be due to several reasons based on previous nasty experiences and events which become embedded in cognitive brain areas and memory and induce anxiety in response to similar situations in the future, for example
- Separation anxiety: One of the most common forms of anxiety in dogs whereby being separated from the family can become stressful for them.
- Illness-induced anxiety: in response to disease
- Motion anxiety: car rides, for instance
- Fear of strangers
- Fear of heights
- Fear of loud circumstances, for example, on the 4th of July due to fireworks
Anxiety in dogs can manifest in a number of ways like
- Excessive barking
- Whimpering or whining
- Not obeying commands
Anxiety can not only be stressful for your dog but for you too if your dog fails to comply and obey commands, refuses to eat, or puts up a fight when it is bath time etc. It can prove to be quite incapacitating when it starts affecting your dog's quality of life. It is, therefore, essential to address this issue right at the start. This is where CBD comes in.
How Does CBD Reduce Anxiety In Dogs?
Through interaction with the cannabinoid receptors located in various brain areas, CBD is known to activate the 5-HT1A (hydroxytryptamine) serotonin receptors which release serotonin-the happy neurotransmitter. CBD, thus, exerts a calming effect that helps pacify your dog.
By acting on certain behavior-related brain areas called the limbic system, CBD controls the signs of anxiety and help your dog relax. Administering a dose of CBD dog treats or CBD oil before a stressful situation can curb your dog’s anxiety and make things easier.
Dose of CBD for Dog Anxiety
Depending on the severity of symptoms, you can give 0.5mg-5mg per every 10 pounds of your dog’s weight. Always start at the lower dose limit and step up gradually. For an acute episode, you can give slightly more than normal amount of CBD but do not exceed the maximum recommended dosage.
CBD Dog Treats vs. CBD Oil for Anxiety in Dogs
- CBD dog treats come prepared and are also flavored to attract dogs. CBD oil has to be mixed up in food. If your dog is already anxious and on the edge, it is quite likely that it will go for an appetizing treat rather than bland food.
- CBD oil can be added to regular dog food and if you can make your dog eat the food when it is stressed out or hold its jaws open long enough to drip the oil in its mouth, it can be effective in controlling dog anxiety too.
- There is no difference when it comes to effectiveness in controlling the symptoms since both dog treats and oil are administered via mouth and the same amount of CBD reaches the bloodstream in both instances.
CBD for Abnormal Brain Activity
Abnormal brain activity with associated uncontrolled neuromuscular responses is as common in dogs as humans. Let’s learn more about what it is and how to control it if your pet suffers from such a condition.
What Is Abnormal Brain Activity In Dogs?
Abnormal brain neuronal activity in dogs is described as temporary involuntary disturbance of normal brain function due to excessive firing of neurons which leads to uncontrollable muscle activity. This neuromuscular incoordination can occur as a single episode or can occur at intervals. The frequency of episode differs from one dog to another. It may result from a number of causes in dogs such as
- Inherited disorders
- Liver dysfunction
- Kidney issues
- Brain trauma
- Brain tumors
It manifests in the form of uncontrolled muscle activity such as
- Single muscle twitches
- Muscle jerking
Such episodes may be accompanied by other symptoms such as
- Tongue bites
- Involuntary urination or bowel movements
- Excessive sweating
- Unconsciousness or drowsiness during or after the episode
Such abnormal brain activity can prove to be life-threatening for your dog if it occurs after short intervals or the duration of successive episodes becomes longer. Even with infrequent episodes, there is always danger of breathing difficulties which can be dangerous for your dog. It is, therefore, quite essential to treat this condition before it escalates.
Once a dog is put on anticonvulsant medications, more often than not, these medications are to be given as long as your little friend lives. These medications have alarming side effects too. CBD is a very effective natural alternative to medications due to its strong anti-convulsant potential.
How Does CBD Curb Uncontrolled Brain Activity in Dogs?
Its strong anti-convulsant potential is what initially brought CBD into the spotlight. Clinical trials have proven that CBD is quite effective in reducing the frequency and duration of the episodes of uncontrolled brain activity in dogs.
This is because CBD interacts with the brain circuits via the endocannabinoid receptors and by releasing certain inhibitory neurotransmitters, it inhibits the motor pathways. Thus, CBD impedes uncoordinated neuromuscular activity in dogs quite effectively.
Dose of CBD for Uncontrolled Brain Activity in Dogs
The recommended dose of CBD is 0.5mg-5mg per every 10 pounds of your dog’s weight to be given twice a day. In the initial phases, high doses of CBD are recommended to reduce the episodes of unregulated brain activity in dogs and then as the intensity, duration and frequency of these episodes reduces, it is recommended to lower down the dose of CBD to maintenance doses.
CBD Oil vs. CBD Dog Treats for Uncontrolled Brain Activity in Dogs
- During an acute episode, it is easier to drip a few drops of CBD at high dose down your dog’s throat.
- Maintenance dosage can be given either as CBD dog treats or oil, whichever is preferred by your dog. Dog treats are easy-to-administer while CBD oil have to be added to regular dog food.
- NEVER (and we cannot stress this point enough) start CBD for uncontrolled brain activity in your dog all by yourself. Talk to your vet first, especially if your pup is already on some sort of medication for this purpose.
- CBD is not dangerous for your dog at all. It has been scientifically proven to be safe for dogs for the management of uncontrolled brain activity.
- It is safer to avoid any other medication alongside CBD therapy for this purpose.
- If you do not notice any change in the symptoms, gradually increase the dose of CBD but do not exceed the maximum recommended dose. If you fail to notice any effect, take your pet to a certified vet.
- Being entirely safe for use (and contrary to popular belief), CBD does not induce any behavioral changes in your dog, even with long term use.
- CBD is a natural substance and is free of any nasty side effects that are usually associated with conventional medications.
- Triggers such as perfumes, chemicals, floor cleaners and foods like high salt food, low quality dog foods can trigger episodes of involuntary muscle activity in dogs and should be kept safely well out of reach at all times if your dog suffers from such a condition.
- Stressful situations like loud noises and bright lights (photosensitivity) count as environmental triggers for uncontrolled brain activity in dogs and should be avoided.
CBD for Dogs for Joint Pain
Joint problems are quite common in dogs. They may be due to a number of causes and may affect the quality of your dear friend’s life by restricting movements due to excruciating pain.
What Is Joint Pain In Dogs?
This condition is characterized by pain in joints while moving or after prolonged periods of immobilization along with other associated symptoms. Painful joints can result from a number of reasons may be acute or chronic.
- Developmental problems
- Age-related degeneration of joints and related structures
- Joint inflammation
- Increased load on joints due to excessive weight
Joint problems in dogs can manifest in the form of
- Difficulty in sitting, standing, or lying down
- Slow, stiff movements
- Hesitancy in running and jumping
- Joint swelling/puffiness
- Joint redness
- Hot, tender joints (sensitive to touch)
Unless the condition is treated right in the beginning, it can escalate and prove to be quite devastating for your dog. And we know how disheartening it can be to see your friend transform from bouncy and happy to all curled up in a corner in pain. For painful joints, CBD is an all-natural, safe and effective alternative therapy.
How Does CBD Alleviate Joint Pain In Dogs?
CBD works two-ways for the management of painful joints in dogs. It is not only a potent analgesic but also an extremely effective anti-inflammatory agent. Through cannabinoid receptors, CBD interferes with the synthesis of substance P which is a neurotransmitter of the pain signaling pathways in the body. This is how CBD helps ease joint pain.
Through its anti-inflammatory properties, CBD interferes with the inflammatory pathways of the body. It hinders the formation of mediators of inflammation like chemokines and leukotrienes, stopping the process of inflammation right in its tracks. CBD, therefore, prevents joint swelling by controlling blood vessel leakiness and controls joint redness by stopping the formation of mediators of inflammation.
Dose of CBD for Joint Pain in Dogs
- As mentioned earlier, the recommended dose of CBD in dogs is 0.5mg-5mg per every 10 pounds of your dog’s weight to be given twice a day. You can increase the dose depending on the severity of pain and then taper down the dose as the symptoms improve.
- It is better to consult a vet before giving CBD to your dog for joint pain, especially if your dog is already using an analgesic.
- Be mindful not to give other analgesics alongside CBD for joint pain.
How Is CBD Better Than Conventional Therapy For Joint Pain In Dogs?
- Conventional medications like NSAIDs do provide relief but only temporarily and their long term use can have hazards effects on health like inflammation of gut lining and kidney issues. Other more potent analgesics like opiates cause sedation. CBD, on the other hand, is free of all such side effects.
- In contrast to traditional therapy, CBD provides better and effective long term control of joint pain in dogs. The maintenance dose of CBD is very low as compared to other medications.
CBD Dog Treats Vs. CBD Oil for Joint Pain in Dogs
- For acute pain when your dog will likely have low appetite, it is easier to drip a few drops of CBD oil directly into your pup’s mouth.
- To keep the pain controlled long term, CBD can be given either as oil or dog treats, whichever is preferred by your furry friend. CBD dog treats are pre-formed and easy to give as compared to oil which has to be disguised in dog food.
Is CBD Effective for Other Painful Conditions In Dogs Too?
Yes, CBD is a strong analgesic and provides effective pain control for a number of other painful conditions such as
- Gut inflammation related pain
- Malignancy-related pain
- Musculoskeletal pain
- Neuropathic pain
- Post-operative pain following any kind of surgery
- Injury-induced pain
CBD for Dogs: Frequently Asked Questions
In this section, we are going to address all the questions that are swirling around your mind by this time.
Can CBD Make My Dog Stoned?
NO. Being derived from high quality hemp plant that contain less than 0.3% THC and after going through meticulous extraction processes that eliminate the impurities, the final CBD which is obtained and used in the form of oils and treats for dogs is virtually free of THC. In other words, it is free of all psychostimulant effects associated with THC and, in no way, can it make your dog high.
Is It Safe To Give CBD To My Dog?
Absolutely. Studies have shown CBD to be well-tolerated in dogs and exert amazing health benefits. The toxicity level of CBD is also very high. CBD has no significant side effects in dogs either which makes it completely safe for administration in dogs. There is plenty of scientific and anecdotal record to prove that it is completely safe to give CBD to dogs for various health conditions.
In What Forms Can I Add CBD to My Dog’s Diet?
The dilemma is real but fortunately, already dealt with. CBD for dogs comes in a wide variety of formulations including
- CBD oil
- CBD capsules
- CBD dog treats
- CBD tincture
- CBD emollients
Out of these, CBD oil and CBD dog treats have gained popularity amongst dog owners who report miraculous health effects of CBD on their pets’ health. They are not only particularly easily to administer to your pets but are also flavored to make them favorable with dogs. CBD oil can be easily added to your dog’s daily food but CBD dog treats are even easier to administer and contain precise doses of CBD.
CBD Oil vs. CBD Dog Treats vs. CBD capsules: What is Better?
- Determining the precise number of drops containing exact milligrams of CBD that your dog needs can be a bit cumbersome. On the other hand, CBD dog treats and capsules contain precise doses of CBD and eliminate the need to spend long hours calculating exact doses.
- CBD dog treats come in readily-available and easy-to-administer forms and are mildly flavored to suit your pup’s taste buds. CBD oil has to be mixed up in usual dog food to disguise it. CBD capsules are even harder to disguise in food and usually unflavored so administration is slightly difficult.
- CBD oil, capsules and CBD dog treats are equally effective since all of them are administered orally and the same amount of CBD reaches the bloodstream after initial metabolism in the liver (first-pass effect).
- CBD dog treats top the list when it comes to ease of use, seconded by CBD oil, followed by CBD capsules. The ultimate decision to choose the right kind of CBD product according to your dog’s preferences rests with you.
CBD vs. Medications: What Is Better?
Imagine giving an NSAID to your dog for joint pain relief. The pain relief will be there, without doubt but it will be temporary. Besides, giving NSAIDs can lead to the rather sinister side effect of affecting the gut lining.
Now picture giving CBD to your dog for joint pain relief. Not only is the analgesic effect more potent but also long-lasting. CBD is also free of the side effects associated with the use of conventional medications. So what is better for your dog’s health? You know the answer.
How Long Does It Take CBD To Work?
The effects of CBD kick in almost 15-20 minutes after its administration. Animal studies show that CBD lasts in the blood stream of dogs for about 9 hours and is slowly eliminated from the body. Depending on the severity of symptoms your dog is suffering from, it can take 2-4 doses of CBD for the symptoms to start improving. Persistent use as a supplement can drastically improve your pet’s overall health.
The secret, of course, lies in correct dosage. If you have a large bulldog suffering from severe anxiety and you keep feeding it one single dog treat a day containing less than the required amount of CBD, it will take a year for your poor dog to start showing any improvement.
Are There Any Side Effects Of CBD Treats For Dogs?
CBD treats are quite safe for dogs even in large doses. It can, however, cause
- Mild diarrhea
Can CBD Treats for Dogs Cause Diarrhea?
CBD dog treats can cause mild diarrhea when given for the very first time. However, as your dog’s body adjusts to the effects of CBD, diarrhea subsides. However, if the diarrhea persists or becomes severe, look for other causes and consult a veterinarian.
Can CBD Treats Make Dogs Aggressive?
No, CBD has no known behavioral effects in dogs so far. It does not cause or aggravate aggression in dogs. Quite on the contrary, CBD actually helps control aggression in dogs due to its calming and anxiolytic effects.
Can Humans Consume CBD Dog Treats?
As CBD is quite safe in humans as well as dogs, even at high doses, it will not cause any side effects if you end up consuming a dog treat. The additional components, like flavors to suit dogs’ taste, might not be quite as favorable though. The overall consensus is to avoid eating the dog treats yourself.
Can Dogs Overdose On CBD Oil?
It is not impossible for your dog to find CBD oil all by itself or lick up spilled oil but even if your dog ends up consuming more CBD than it should, it will not cause any significant side effects as therapeutic window (range of doses that produces therapeutic response without causing any significant adverse effect) of CBD in dogs is very high and the toxicity dose of CBD is quite high too. If, however, your dog starts showing signs of toxicity like excitatory behavior, agitation or sleepiness etc. take him to the nearest vet at once.
Do CBD Treats Help Dogs Sleep?
Yes, CBD is known to act on the brain via the endocannabinoid system and is known to regulate the sleep-wake cycles in dogs which helps them sleep better than before.
Is There A Difference In CBD For Dogs And Humans?
Yes, CBD products for humans and dogs (CBD oil, for instance) come in different concentrations. CBD products for dogs are slightly flavored to make them more likeable for dogs. Human CBD products may or may not be flavored.
What Happens If You Give A Dog Too Much CBD?
Nothing. Since the toxicity dose of CBD is quite high, it will require too many servings of dog treats (a hundred or more) to overdose your dog which is impossible. So even if you end up giving a couple more treats to your dog by mistake or your dog gobbles up a few extra ones by itself, it does not cause any problems.
Does CBD Oil Increase Appetite In Dogs?
Yes, CBD is known to boost appetite in dogs due to its stimulatory effects on hunger control areas of brain via the endocannabinoid system. Within no time, your dog starts eating better without giving you any trouble when it is feeding time.
Can CBD Make Dogs Gain Weight?
No, CBD does not cause any such effect by itself. If your dog starts gaining weight, it may only be due to the appetite boost that CBD causes. For unexplained and rapid weight gain, look for other causes and consult a veterinarian.
Does CBD Oil Make Dogs Sleepy During The Day?
No, CBD does not cause excessive sleepiness in dogs. Quite on the contrary, it helps regulate the sleep-wake cycles in dogs and improves sleeping patterns, so that they get quality sleep during the night time which makes them more active and agile during the day time.
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