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What types of CBD should you know about?
CBD caught worldwide attention almost overnight due to its potential health benefits, and CBD-based products have been popping up left and right. Of course, this means there are hordes of CBD types and products to choose from—and the confusion is almost tangible.
We want to make CBD shopping easier for you, so this article is all about different CBD types and the variety of CBD products on the market.
Sources of CBD: Hemp vs Marijuana
First things first: let’s clear up a basic misconception about cannabis, hemp, and marijuana. These are not the same thing, but the terms are often used in relation with CBD and can be confusing.
Cannabis is the primary plant. It has two distinct varieties that produce cannabinoids:
- · Marijuana is thevariety produces ample amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), in addition to other cannabinoids. THC is an intoxicating agent that gives you a high.
- · Hemp is the variety that has less than 0.3% THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), and in such trace amounts, THC cannot make you high. Federal law allows the use of CBD derived from hemp that contains less than 0.3% THC.
Types of CBD
Not all types of CBD being marketed are the same. Let’s look at the common types of CBD available.
Full-spectrum CBD/CBD extracts
Full spectrum CBD contains all compounds that are naturally present in the plant, including different types of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and omega fatty acids. Full spectrum CBD is sometimes known as CBD extract. The compounds in full spectrum CBD act synergistically and tend to have better therapeutic potential.
Broad spectrum CBD contains all the plant compounds except THC. It’s made by additional purification of the extracts, which separates out THC but retains the full benefits of the whole plant.
As the name indicates, CBD isolate contains only CBD. A meticulous extraction process isolates the CBD from other plant ingredients, which results in CBD in its purest form. Isolated CBD confers the health benefits of CBD only and is the best choice for professionals who undergo random drug tests, including athletes and federally licensed truck drivers, for instance.
Types of CBD Products
Not sure which CBD product to purchase? Here is a concise guide regarding available CBD products.
Oral CBD products
There is a wide range of ingestible CBD products available. Oral CBD products undergo “first pass effect,” which means that part of the CBD product is broken down by the liver enzymes and only a percentage of the product reaches the systemic circulation. Oral CBD products include the following:
CBD oil contains CBD in a carrier oil, which is usually hemp oil. It’s easier to add CBD in oil form to foods and beverages. Research suggests that it can help alleviate symptoms such as anxiety, digestion issues, mood disturbances, sleep problems, and other health issues. CBD oil may be used topically to help address skin problems. The daily dose depends on the severity of symptoms and body weight.
In addition to the carrier oil, CBD tinctures contain substances like terpenes. The health effects are, therefore, multiplied. The use of a CBD tincture is similar to CBD oil and can be taken orally via a dropper on a daily basis.
One of the easiest ways to take CBD is through capsules. Capsules ensure that the CBD isn’t broken down easily by the stomach acids and therefore prolong its duration of stay in circulation. Capsules contain specified concentrations of CBD and daily dosage varies.
CBD edibles are a discreet, chewable way to reap the benefits of CBD. The best part? They taste great! Available CBD edibles include CBD gummies and CBD chocolate bars.
Non-alcoholic beverages can be infused with CBD to yield enriched mixtures for better health. These include CBD sodas, CBD-infused coffee, CBD water, and more.
Topical CBD products
Topical CBD formulas are intended for external use only. Some of the most commonly used topical CBD products include:
1. CBD lotions/creams
CBD has taken over the beauty industry, as well. CBD oils and lotions may improve skin health and help to keep the skin agile.
2. CBD ointments/emollients
CBD ointments and emollients may help alleviate symptoms of skin problems, including allergies, rashes, itchiness, and localized inflammation. They act locally to provide instant relief.
3. CBD salves/balms/rubs
CBD salves and balms are similar to the ointments and seep readily into the skin to keep it hydrated. They may also provide relief from a variety of skin problems and muscle aches.
4. CBD skin patches
CBD patches are a rather innovative way of using CBD topically. They slowly release CBD into the body and eliminate the need to remember taking CBD on a daily basis.
5. CBD hair products
CBD-infused hair products are all the rage and may help strengthen the hair and enhance the rate of hair growth. CBD infused shampoos, conditioners, and hair serums are readily available.
Other routes of CBD intake
There are a number of other ways that you can incorporate CBD into your life. These include:
1.CBD vape oil/juice (inhalational)
When you inhale CBD, it’s directly absorbed into the bloodstream and has enhanced bioavailability. This method is ideal for coping with anxiety. Flavored CBD vape oils and juices are widely available.
2.CBD sprays (sublingual/nasal)
CBD is also available in the form of aerosol sprays, which can be applied under the tongue or into the nose. Both of these areas have rich networks of blood vessels, so the CBD is readily absorbed into circulation and the “first-pass effect” is bypassed. Sprays may be helpful in relieving pain and other symptoms.
3.CBD suppositories (rectal)
CBD suppositories are tablets placed into the back passage and may provide local symptomatic relief. Research suggests they may help relieve constipation and chronic gut inflammation, among other issues.
No matter which type of CBD you opt for, always be sure to purchase from a reputable and reliable source. Opt for high quality, hemp-derived products and look for third-party certification on the products you buy, which indicates that they were tested and found free of potentially harmful additives.