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Indica vs. sativa: know the difference

Indica vs. sativa: know the difference

In case you're wondering what these words are, "indica" and "sativa" are the two major types of the cannabis plant. Each strain has its own range of effects on the human body and mind. As records would show, there is evidence pointing to the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes as early as the 18th century.

As early as those times, they have already observed the differences between the sativa and indica strains in both resin production and structure. At present, there are several established conditions and standards for these cannabis plants.

Also, we already know the effects these plants have on the human body. If you plan to use CBD products, you must know how to distinguish cannabis indica from sativa. In this article, we'll go through these differences to help you determine the best products to choose.

The difference between the characteristics of indica and sativa

Some countries have legalized the use of cannabis for medicinal and recreational purposes because these have positive effects for a wide range of common conditions. As stated earlier, there are two major types of cannabis plants namely indica and sativa and each of them offers its own benefits.

Read also: Why Full Spectrum Cannabis Extracts Matter

Understanding what the difference is between these two types is important in determining the appropriate strain for every patient. Bear in mind that each strain has its own effects on the human mind and body. Using them correctly will result in several medicinal benefits.

Here are the facts and characteristics of sativa and indica:

Cannabis Indica

The cannabis plants of the indica strain are bushy, short, and have wide leaves. They grow faster than the sativa strain and have a higher yield. Indica plants have higher CBD content and lower THC levels. Because of this, manufacturers of CBD products prefer this strain.

High-quality products such as CBD Oil from VerifiedCBD contain little to no amounts of THC which is the psychoactive compound in cannabis plants. Here are the major characteristics of this strain:

  • Helps increase mental relaxation
  • Helps relax the muscles
  • Helps decrease nausea
  • Helps decrease pain
  • May increase the appetite
  • May increase dopamine
  • It's recommended for night time use

Man on the street

Cannabis Sativa

The sativa plant grows tall, thin and it has narrow leaves. In color, it has a lighter shade. The plant takes a longer time to grow and mature. Also, it needs more light to thrive better. This strain is lower in CBD but higher in THC. Here are the major characteristics of this strain:

  • Has calming effects
  • Helps alleviate pain
  • Helps increase focus
  • May increase serotonin
  • For day time use

Read also: Reducing Blood Pressure the Natural Way with CBD Oil

The differences between the plants

It's advantageous to know more information about the types of strains you buy, whether you plan to use or raise cannabis plants. With experienced growers, there will be no problems in identification because they can readily tell if a plant's strain is indica or sativa just by sight.

Having dealt with the plants for longer periods, the task for these pros becomes very straightforward. For the sativas plants, they thrive well in equatorial climates. They have slender, thin leaves, and they grow tall to prevent the formation of molds.

The changes in height become more prominent during the plant's flowering stage. In an ideal setting outdoors, the sativa plant can grow as high as six meters tall. For the indica plants, they are shorter but compensate with their wider leaves and bushier appearance.

The indica plant has broad, thick leaves which catch sunlight easier. It also has shorter periods of flowering which is good as it prevents mold formation during the autumn season. Because of their physical form, the indica cannot handle humidity well and as a result, they have learned to develop faster.

This is one of the main selling points for many growers. It's also one reason why pure sativa plants are harder to find.

Read also: Hemp seed oil vs CBD hemp oil: What is the difference?

The differences between the buds

These days, it has become harder to find pure strains of either sativa or indica plants. Most plants available on the market now are hybrid strains. There is no way of telling if the dried herb is either of the two strains.

For the more experienced ones, there are some guidelines which can guide you in the right direction, even if it's to make an educated guess. If a bag of herbs looks as though you're getting more than what you paid for, chances are you are handing a sativa.

At the asking price of sativa, there's no such thing as a bonus. The buds of sativa plants are less dense and wispier, so they seem like more. The buds are taller, have a rectangular appearance, are fluffy, and thin. Most customers get turned off by their appearance. This is one reason why hybrids are now most widely-used.

For indica plants, the buds are heavier and, as a consequence, they are a lot denser than sativa. This consistency is what most customers search for. The buds grow in clusters near the stem's nodes creating that popular "crunchy" appearance. It doesn't matter what your preference is in terms of getting high, but indica buds are more aesthetically pleasing.


The differences between the taste and aroma

If you try to take a closer look, you'll discover that there are some other factors that can distinguish one strain from the other. After a few puffs, you can analyze the flavors. Indica tends to have a sweeter flavor while sativa is earthier with a pungent taste.

In terms of the scent, sativa has a more delicate and floral aroma. Indica's flavor is weird and emits a more skunky and pungent profile and it is such smell that people in your surroundings can tell that you're "smoking weed," sativa specifically.

The verdict

Those who use or raise cannabis should learn how to distinguish between a sativa and indica, whether through the plant or the buds. It's a skill developed with time. If you plan to expose yourself to these strains, you must have that intent to be able to differentiate them.

In doing this, you will develop a lot of knowledge to make you an expert as with each season passes. Later on, with such experience on hand, you can determine if your supplier is a reliable or trustworthy source. Adequate knowledge has its benefits and, in this case, better strains!

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